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Sunday, 17 March 2013

Poisson and Rutherford, Geiger and Bateman

Poisson distribution
"The Poisson distribution applies when: (1) the event is something that can be counted in whole numbers; (2) occurrences are independent, so that one occurrence neither diminishes nor increases the chance of another; (3) the average frequency of occurrence for the time period in question is known; and (4) it is possible to count how many events have occurred, such as the number of times a firefly lights up in my garden in a given 5 seconds, some evening, but meaningless to ask how many such events have not occurred."
Dato che lavora sui numeri discreti è la statistica dei decadimenti radioattivi.
La pagina
propone proprio un problema che lavora sui dati del 1910
"Here are the classic 1910 observations of Rutherford, Geiger, and Bateman for the number of alpha particles emitted by a film of polonium, as observed over intervals of one-eighth of a minute (7.5 seconds). "
Here the answer